A look at the advancing industrialization of the Arctic amid climate change: in 2012, the Russian Arctic was experiencing a surge of activity as the ice across the far north dramatically declined.
It was a year of record low ice cover, which for some signaled the economic boom of climate change. Oil deposits now exposed during spring and summer would soon be extracted offshore and shipped through the commercial port of Murmansk.
The Arctic has shed an immense amount of ice over the past three decades. That summer, the extent of summer ice cover was the lowest ever recorded, shattering the previous record low of 2007.
We spoke with activists and residents at the time about the economic and environmental changes.